From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (State Gallery) is an art gallery and art museum in Stuttgart, Germany, opened in 1843. In 1984 the opening of the Neue Staatsgalerie (New State Gallery) designed by James Stirling transformed the once provincial gallery into one of Europe's leading museums.
Originally, the classicist building of the Alte Staatsgallerie was also the home of the royal art school. Built in 1843, it was extended by two further wings during 1881-1887. After being totally destroyed in World War II, it was rebuilt from 1946 and reopened in 1948.
It houses the following collections:
- Old German paintings 1300-1550
- Italian paintings 1300-1800
- Dutch paintings 1500-1700
- German paintings of the baroque period
- Art from 1800-1900 (romanticism, impressionism)
- Max Beckmann's Journey on the Fish
- Salvador Dalí's The Raised Instant (1938)
- George Grosz's The Funeral (1918)
- Franz Marc's The Small Yellow Horses (1912)
- Henri Matisse's With the Toilet (La Hair-style) (1907)
- Joan Miró's The Bird with the Calm View, the Wings in Flames (1952)
- Piet Mondrian's Composition in White, Red and Blue (1936)
- Pablo Picasso's Tumblers (Mother and Son) (1905), Laufende Frauen am Strand (1922), The Breakfast in the Free One (1961)
- Works by: Paul Klee, Marc Chagall, Wassily Kandinsky
The Neue Staatsgalerie, a controversial architectural design by James Stirling, opened on March 9, 1984 on a site right next to the old building. It houses a collection of 20th-century modern art — from Pablo Picasso to Oskar Schlemmer, Joan Miró and Joseph Beuys.