Spontaneous Music Ensemble  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Spontaneous Music Ensemble (SME) was a loose collection of free improvising musicians convened beginning in the mid-1960s by the late South London-based jazz drummer/trumpeter John Stevens and alto and soprano saxophonist Trevor Watts. SME performances and recordings could range from Stevens-Watts duos to gatherings of more than a dozen players.

As critic Brian Olewnick writes, the SME emphasised an "extremely open, leaderless aspect where a premium was placed on careful and considered listening on the part of the musicians. Saxophonist Evan Parker observed that Stevens had two basic rules: (1) If you can't hear another musician, you're playing too loud, and (2) if the music you're producing doesn't regularly relate to what you're hearing others create, why be in the group? This led to the development of what would jocularly become known as 'insect improv' -- music that tended to be very quiet, very intense, arrhythmic, and by and large atonal."


The SME began an intensive 6 nights per week residency at the Little Theatre Club in London in January 1966 and recorded their first album Challenge the following month.

One can loosely divide the group's history into two periods: the more horn-oriented earlier ensembles (typically with some combination of Watts, saxophonist Evan Parker and trumpeter Kenny Wheeler), and the later string-based ensembles with guitarist Roger Smith (who became as central to the second edition of SME as Watts was to the first) and violinist Nigel Coombes. (The transitional point is the quartet album Biosystem (Incus, 1977), which also featured cellist Colin Wood.)

Countless other musicians passed through the SME over the years, including Derek Bailey, Paul Rutherford, Maggie Nichols, Dave Holland, Barry Guy, Peter Kowald and Kent Carter. The final edition of the group was a trio of Stevens, Smith, and the saxophonist John Butcher, a configuration documented on A New Distance (1994).

Inspired both by American free jazz and by the radical, abstract music of AMM, as well as influences as diverse as Anton Webern and Samuel Beckett (two Stevens touchstones), the SME kept at least a measure of jazz in their sound, though this became less audible in the later "string" ensembles.

Stevens' death in 1994 brought an end to the SME.


  • Challenge (1966, Eyemark Records; reissued on Emanem Records) (featuring; Kenny Wheeler, Paul Rutherford, Trevor Watts, Bruce Cale, Jeff Clyne, John Stevens) (plus Evan Parker & Chris Cambridge on track 10)
  • Karyobin (1968, Island Records; reissued 1993 on Chronoscope) (featuring; John Stevens, Evan Parker, Kenny Wheeler, Derek Bailey, Dave Holland)
  • Frameworks (1968/1971/1973, Emanem Records) (featuring various lineups, including Stevens, Norma Winstone, Trevor Watts, Kenny Wheeler, Paul Rutherford, Julie Tippetts, Ron Herman)
  • John Stevens/Spontaneous Music Ensemble (1969, Marmalade Records) (featuring; John Stevens, Kenny Wheeler, Derek Bailey, Trevor Watts, Peter Lemer, Johnny Dyani, Maggie Nichols, Carolann Nichols, Pepi Lemer)
  • The Source - From and Towards (1971, Tangent Records) (recorded 18 November, 1970; featuring Trevor Watts, Ray Warleigh, Brian Smith, Ken (sic) Wheeler, Bob Norden, Chris Pyne, Mike Pyne, Ron Matthewson, Marcio Mattos, John Stevens)
  • So What Do You Think? (1971, Tangent Records) (featuring; John Stevens, Trevor Watts, Kenny Wheeler, Derek Bailey, Dave Holland)
  • Birds of a Feather (1971, BYG Records (featuring; John Stevens, Trevor Watts, Ron Herman, Julie Tippetts [Driscoll])
  • Bobby Bradford, John Stevens and the Spontaneous Music Ensemble Live Vols. 1 & 2 (1971, Nessa Records)
  • 1.2. Albert Ayler (1971, Affinity) (featuring; John Stevens, Trevor Watts, Ron Herman, Julie Tippetts)
  • Face to Face (1973, Emanem Records) (featuring John Stevens and Trevor Watts)
  • Quintessence (1973–74, Emanem Records) (featuring John Stevens, Trevor Watts, Evan Parker, Derek Bailey, Kent Carter)
  • Biosystem (1977, Incus Records; reissued by Psi Records in 2006 with additional material) (featuring; John Stevens, Nigel Coombes, Roger Smith, Colin Wood)
  • Hot and Cold Heroes (1980/91, Emanem Records) (featuring; John Stevens, Nigel Coombes, Roger Smith)
  • A New Distance (1994, Acta; reissued by Emanem Records in 2005 with additional material from 1993) (featuring: John Stevens, John Butcher, Roger Smith)

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Spontaneous Music Ensemble" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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