From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
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|+||1) A '''part''' is a strand or [[melody]] of [[music]] played by an individual [[musical instrument|instrument]] or [[singer|voice]] (or group of identical instruments or voices) within a larger work. Parts may be referred to as an '''outer part''' (the top and bottom parts) or an '''inner part''' (those in between). '''Part-writing''' (or [[voice leading]]) is the composition of parts in consideration of [[harmony]] and [[counterpoint]]. In the context of [[polyphony|polyphonic]] composition the term '''''voice''''' may be used instead of '''part''' to denote a single [[melody|melodic]] line or [[texture (music)|textural]] layer. The term is [[wikt:generic|generic]], and is not meant to imply that the line should necessarily be [[singing|vocal]] in character, instead referring to [[instrumentation (music)|instrumentation]] or simply to [[register (music)|register]].|
|-||'''Polyrhythm''' is the simultaneous sounding of two or more independent [[rhythm]]s.||+||2) A '''part''' also refers to the separate printed or manuscript copies of the music for each individual instrument in an [[musical ensemble|ensemble]] or [[orchestra]], as distinct from the [[musical score|score]], which holds the music for all the instruments.|
|-||Polyrhythm in general is a nonspecific term for the simultaneous occurrence of two or more conflicting rhythms, of which [[cross-rhythm]] is a specific and definable subset.—Novotney (1998: 265)||+|
|-||Polyrhythms can be distinguished from [[irrational rhythm]]s, which can occur within the context of a single [[Part (music)|part]]; polyrhythms require at least two rhythms to be played concurrently, one of which is typically an irrational rhythm.||+||3) A '''part''' in [[great Highland Bagpipe]] music is a musical [[strain (music)|strain]] or [[sentence (music)|sentence]]. Usually each '''part''' consists of four [[phrases]], either one or two bars long. Several sentences combine to produce a paragraph or complete work or tune.|
|-||==In popular music==||+|
|-||Nigerian percussion master [[Babatunde Olatunji]] arrived on the American music scene in 1959 with his album ''[[Drums of Passion (album)|Drums of Passion]]'', which was a collection of traditional [[Music of Nigeria|Nigerian]] music for percussion and chanting. The album stayed on the charts for two years and had a profound impact on jazz and American popular music. Trained in the [[Yoruba music|Yoruba]] [[Sakara drum|sakara]] style of drumming, Olatunji would have a major impact on Western popular music. He went on to teach, collaborate and record with numerous jazz and rock artists, including [[Airto Moreira]], [[Carlos Santana]] and [[Mickey Hart]] of the [[Grateful Dead]]. Olatunji reached his greatest popularity during the height of the [[Black Arts Movement]] of the 1960s and '70s.||+|
1) A part is a strand or melody of music played by an individual instrument or voice (or group of identical instruments or voices) within a larger work. Parts may be referred to as an outer part (the top and bottom parts) or an inner part (those in between). Part-writing (or voice leading) is the composition of parts in consideration of harmony and counterpoint. In the context of polyphonic composition the term voice may be used instead of part to denote a single melodic line or textural layer. The term is generic, and is not meant to imply that the line should necessarily be vocal in character, instead referring to instrumentation or simply to register.
2) A part also refers to the separate printed or manuscript copies of the music for each individual instrument in an ensemble or orchestra, as distinct from the score, which holds the music for all the instruments.
3) A part in great Highland Bagpipe music is a musical strain or sentence. Usually each part consists of four phrases, either one or two bars long. Several sentences combine to produce a paragraph or complete work or tune.