From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
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|-||The '''Lecuona Cuban Boys''' was a popular Cuban orchestra which toured the world for over forty years.|
|-||The band was founded by [[Ernesto Lecuona]], whose role was that of a patron-entrepreneur. He did not actually play with the band, but sometimes gave a piano recital before the band played. The core of the band was put together in 1931 as ''Orquesta Encanto''; the band changed name early in 1934. On tour in Europe, in 1934, Lecuona returned to Cuba, and Armando Oréfiche took charge of the band in Europe. Ernesto gave them the gift of his name, which, at the time, was a property well worth having, and the right to use a number of his compositions.||+||'''Conga music''' is a style of [[Cuban music]] used to dance [[Conga line|Conga]]. The most known Conga song is "Conga" of Gloria Estefan.|
|-||The LCB was exceptionallly strong in arrangements, compositions and instrumental quality (most of them could play two or three instruments). Their only weak spot was the lack of a really first-rate Cuban singer, but that was not so important as might seem because they played so often to non-Latin audiences. Some of their pick-up singers could sing in English, and many of their numbers were instrumentals. The band played the full range of Cuban popular music, but their speciality was the ''[[Conga (music)|conga]]''. Though it was perhaps [[Eliseo Grenet]] who first composed a conga in its ballroom dance style, it was certainly the LCB who took it round the world and made it famous. The LCB was therefore the first conjunto to use the [[conga]] drum regularly in its performances, and ''not'' [[Arsenio Rodríguez]], as is often supposed.||+||==Parodies==|
|+||*In ''[[Sesame Street]]'', this type of music is titled "The Monster Clubhouse Conga" where the [[purple]] monster with [[pigtail]]s named Googel, [[green]] monster Phoebe and [[blue]] monster Mel are dancing the conga hiding in a small [[house]] and the [[Orange (colour)|orange]] monster Narf runs after them.|
|+||*In ''[[Dragon Tales]]'', it's titled "The Doctor's Gonna Fix Zac". This tune is used by Zac who has a [[Thorns, spines, and prickles|thorn]] stuck on the bottom of his foot when he places the doctor's scope on his dragon badge and all his friends start playing the [[tool]]s as the handling of [[musical instrument]]s to encircle him and his sister Wheezie who lies on the [[Rock (geology)|big rock]] with him together.|
|+||*In ''[[Mulan II]]'', it's titled "Mushu's On His Way Out" where the ancestors reject [[List of Mulan characters#Mushu|Mushu]] stating that if Mulan and Shang marry each other, he might lose his job.|
|+||*In ''[[Willa's Wild Life]]'', it's titled "Willa's Going Shopping" because the girl herself is so excited to go to the corner store without any grownup.|
|-||The band initially organized itself as a collective, but in practice [[Armando Oréfiche]] (composer, arranger, pianist) was the leader. Other band members were Ernesto 'Jaruco' Vázquez (trumpeter, guitarist, composer, arranger); Adalberto 'Chiquito' Oréfiche (tenor sax and bongo); Agustin Bruguera (timbales, conga, voice); Gerardo Bruguera (tenor sax and clarinet); Jesús Bertomeu (trombone); Jorge Domínguez (alto sax, clarinet, violin); Daniel González (alto sax, clarinet, violin); Guillermo Hernández (guitar, tumba, guiro, maracas); Enrique López Rivero (trumpet) 1932 34; [[Alberto Rabagliati]] (voice) engaged 1934; later Fernando Díaz and Luis Escalante were engaged as replacement trumpeters.||+||==Early references==|
|+||See [[Carmen Miranda]] for reference to many more Conga songs and dance.|
|-||The band toured throughout the world: the USA, Latin America and Europe were the main tours. When [[World War II]] broke out, the band went to Latin America and continued their touring there. After WWII there was a dispute within the band, which ended in a split. Armando Oréfiche left with a few members, and started the ''Havana Cuban Boys''; the rest stayed under the old name, based in New York until 1960. The Lecuona Cuban Boys continued to tour, and finally retired in 1975.||+||In the movie [[Strike Up the Band (film)|Strike Up the Band]]|
|-||+||"Do the La Conga"|
|-||== Movies ==||+||(1939) Music and Lyrics by [[Roger Edens]] Performed by [[Judy Garland]], [[Mickey Rooney]], [[Sidney Miller (actor)|Sidney Miller]], [[William Tracy]] and chorus at the dance Reprised by the cast in the finale|
|-||*''[[Aimée & Jaguar]]'' (German)||+|
|-||*''Thrills of Music''||+|
- In Sesame Street, this type of music is titled "The Monster Clubhouse Conga" where the purple monster with pigtails named Googel, green monster Phoebe and blue monster Mel are dancing the conga hiding in a small house and the orange monster Narf runs after them.
- In Dragon Tales, it's titled "The Doctor's Gonna Fix Zac". This tune is used by Zac who has a thorn stuck on the bottom of his foot when he places the doctor's scope on his dragon badge and all his friends start playing the tools as the handling of musical instruments to encircle him and his sister Wheezie who lies on the big rock with him together.
- In Mulan II, it's titled "Mushu's On His Way Out" where the ancestors reject Mushu stating that if Mulan and Shang marry each other, he might lose his job.
- In Willa's Wild Life, it's titled "Willa's Going Shopping" because the girl herself is so excited to go to the corner store without any grownup.
See Carmen Miranda for reference to many more Conga songs and dance.
In the movie Strike Up the Band "Do the La Conga" (1939) Music and Lyrics by Roger Edens Performed by Judy Garland, Mickey Rooney, Sidney Miller, William Tracy and chorus at the dance Reprised by the cast in the finale