Spanish Baroque literature  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The literary Baroque took place in Spain in the middle of the so-called Spanish Golden Age of Spanish Literature. Spain was governed in that period by Philip II, Philip III and Philip IV, the last reigning until 1665.

During the previous century, Spain had reached its greatest unity and territorial extension. Through inheritances, diplomatic conquests, agreements or royal marriages, Flanders, Germany, Hungary, Naples, Portugal and Sicily, as well as new and rich territories in the Americas, came under the sceptre of Charles V. Then, the "Philips" lost, one by one, all the European territories. This caused serious religious, political, internal and international problems.

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