Settler colonialism  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Settler colonialism is a form of colonialism in which the imperial power oversees the immigration of settlers who consent to their authority, often driven by the desire to eliminate any indigenous presence in the territory, by a variety of means, ranging from violent depopulation of the previous inhabitants, to more subtle, legal means such as assimilation and recognition of indigenous identity within a colonial framework. Through this elimination, the settlers take over the land left vacant by the previous residents. Unlike other forms of colonialism, the imperial power is not always the same nationality as the the settlers. The settlers are, however, generally viewed by the colonizing authority as racially superior to the previous inhabitants, giving their social movements and political demands greater legitimacy than those of colonized peoples in the eyes of the home government.

The land is the key resource in settler colonies, whereas natural and human resources are the main motivation behind other forms of colonialism. Normal colonialism typically ends, whereas settler colonialism lasts indefinitely, except in the rare event of complete evacuation or settler decolonization.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Settler colonialism" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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