From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The movement began with an exhibition at the Galerie La Boetie in Paris in 1912, which was also accompanied by publication of the treaty Du Cubisme by Metzinger and Gleizes. In addition to featuring works by the Duchamp brothers, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Jacques Villon and Marcel Duchamp, other exhibitors included artists such as Archipenko, de La Fresnaye, Gleizes, Gris, Léger, Metzinger and Picabia amongst others. The opening address was given by Guillaume Apollinaire.
The group's title was suggested by Jacques Villon, after reading a 1910 translation of Leonardo da Vinci's Trattato della Pittura by Joséphin Péladan. Peladan attached great mystical significance to the golden section (French: Section d'Or), and other similar geometric configurations. For Villon this symbolised his belief in order and the significance of mathematical proportions, because it reflected patterns and relationships occurring in nature.
The group's name was adopted by them in order to distinguish themselves from the narrower definition of Cubism developed earlier by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in the Montmartre quarter of Paris.
The onset of World War I in 1914 largely ended the group's activities, which had never been much more than a loose association.
- Guillaume Apollinaire - (1880-1918), Italian
- Robert Delaunay - (1885-1941), French
- Marcel Duchamp - (1887-1968), French
- Raymond Duchamp-Villon - (1876-1918), French
- Roger de la Fresnaye - (1885-1925), French
- Albert Gleizes - (1881-1953), French
- Frantisek Kupka - (1871-1957), Czech
- Henri Le Fauconnier - (1881-1946), French
- Fernand Léger - (1881-1955), French
- Louis Marcoussis - (1878-1941), Polish
- Jean Metzinger - (1883-1956), French
- Francis Picabia - (1879-1953), French/Spanish
- Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes - (1884-1974), French
- Jacques Villon - (1875-1963), French
- Alexander Calder -(1898-1976), American
- Jeanne Rij-Rousseau - (1870-1956), French