Second Spanish Republic  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Second Spanish Republic (in Spanish: Segunda República Española) was the republican regime that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939, preceded by the Restoration and followed by Francoist Spain after the Spanish Civil War.

Following the Provisional Government between April and December 1931, the 1931 Constitution effectively established the Republic. The Spanish Republic is generally divided in three eras, the First Biennium, the Dark Biennium, and the Popular Front government.

The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed when King Alfonso XIII left the country following municipal elections in which anti-monarchist candidates won the majority of votes, and the Spanish population celebrated the beginning of the Republic and social pressure made the political regime change. Its government went into exile on {{#dateformat:1 April 1939}}, when the last of the Republican forces surrendered to the rebel nacionales, led in part by Generalísimo Francisco Franco, ending the Spanish Civil War.

The government in exile of the Second Spanish Republic had an embassy in Mexico City until 1976. After the restoration of democracy in Spain, the government was formally dissolved the following year.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Second Spanish Republic" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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