Scarface (1983 film)
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Scarface is a 1983 film directed by Brian De Palma, written by Oliver Stone and starring Al Pacino as Antonio "Tony" Montana. A remake of the 1932 Howard Hawks gangster film, it tells the story of a fictional Cuban refugee who comes to Florida in 1980 as a result of the Mariel Boatlift.
Tony becomes a gangster against the backdrop of the 1980s cocaine boom. The film chronicles his rise to the top of Miami's criminal underworld and subsequent downfall. The film is loosely based on the 1932 fictionalized Al Capone biopic, Scarface.
Although initially released to little fanfare, and the target of harsh reviews, Scarface has more recently re-emerged as a celebrated film and fixture in pop culture, particularly within the world of hip-hop. It developed a phenomenal cult following.
The film is dedicated to Howard Hawks and Ben Hecht, who were the writers of the original Scarface. This movie is loosely based on the Mariel Boatlift where thousands of Cuban refugees entered the United States after years of communist persecution; it is, however, rumored that Fidel Castro released many of the Mariel Boatlift refugees from mental institutions and prisons.