From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Sakoku ("locked country") was the foreign relations policy of Japan under which no foreigner could enter nor could any Japanese leave the country on penalty of death. The policy was enacted by the Tokugawa shogunate under Tokugawa Iemitsu through a number of edicts and policies from 1633–1639 and remained in effect until 1853 with the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry and the opening of Japan. It was still illegal to leave Japan until the Meiji Restoration (1868).
- Hai jin (海禁) - Maritime restrictions; kaikin in Japanese.
- Paradise sakoku (パラダイス鎖国)
- Treaty of Kanagawa
- Dutch missions to Edo
- Joseon missions to Japan
- Ryukyuan missions to Edo