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Saint-Simonianism was a French socialist movement of the first half of the nineteenth century. The movement is named after Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon who promoted ideas of Christian socialism but after his death, the movement that formed around his ideas became increasingly extreme in its religious views.

The movement was centered around the École Polytechnique. After roughly 1830, the Saint-Simonians led by Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin formed an increasingly religiously-minded Messianic group, before being banned by the authorities in 1832.

Saint-Simonianism had some influence in England, particularly among the followers of Joanna Southcott who shared the Saint-Simonian idea that a female messiah would come soon.

People associated with the movement

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