Richard H. Kirk  

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"Richard H. Kirk employed many ideas and methods from William S. Burroughs' essay collection The Electronic Revolution in the creation of his music. He described it as "a handbook of how to use tape recorders in a crowd ... to promote a sense of unease or unrest by playback of riot noises cut in with random recordings of the crowd itself." [cited in My Kind of Angel: I.m. William Burroughs]"--Sholem Stein

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Richard Harold Kirk (21 March 1956 – 21 September 2021) was an English musician working in electronic music since the 1970s. He was best known as a member of the influential industrial music band Cabaret Voltaire, formed in 1973. He subsequently released projects under his own name and as part of various groups, including Sweet Exorcist, in styles such as techno.

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Background

Kirk first came to prominence in the 1970s as a member of the seminal industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. His first release as a solo artist, Disposable Half-Truths, was released in 1980 and he maintained a career as a solo artist alongside Cabaret Voltaire until the band's dissolution in 1994. He reformed the band in 2014 as the sole remaining member, performing sporadically with all-new material more akin to his solo work than the output of the original incarnation of Cabaret Voltaire.

During the 1990s his solo output increased considerably. Kirk's works explored multiple types of electronic/dance music under many pseudonyms. His prolific work resulted in AllMusic calling him contemporary techno's busiest man.

Aliases

In addition to solo releases under his own name, Kirk used the following aliases:

  • Agents With False Memories
  • Al Jabr
  • Anarchia
  • Biochemical Dread
  • Blacworld
  • Chemical Agent
  • Citrus
  • Cold Warrior
  • Countzero
  • Dark Magus
  • Destructive Impact
  • Dr. Xavier
  • Electronic Eye
  • Extended Family
  • Frightgod
  • Future Cop Movies
  • Harold Sandoz
  • International Organisation
  • King Of Kings
  • Multiple Transmission
  • Nine Miles Dub
  • Nitrogen
  • Orchestra Terrestrial
  • Outland Assassin
  • Papadoctrine
  • Pat Riot
  • Port-au-Prince
  • PSI Punky Dread Allstars
  • Reflexiv
  • The Revolutionary Army
  • Robots + Humanoids
  • Sandoz
  • Signals Intelligence
  • The Silent Age
  • Sweet Exorcist
  • Trafficante
  • Ubermenschlich
  • Ubu Rahmen
  • Wicky Wacky
  • Vasco de Mento

Partial discography

Albums

As Sandoz

  • Digital Lifeforms (1993, Touch)
  • Intensely Radioactive (1994, Touch)
  • Every Man Got Dreaming (1995, Touch)
  • Dark Continent (1996, Touch)
  • God Bless the Conspiracy (1997, Alphaphone)
  • In Dub: Chant to Jah (1998, Touch; 2002, Soul Jazz)
  • Afrocentris (2001, Intone)
  • Live in the Earth: Sandoz in Dub Chapter 2 (2006, Soul Jazz)
  • In Dub: Chapter Two/Extra Time (Under The Stones) (2006, Intone)
  • Acid Editions (303 Excursions) (2009, Intone)
  • Digital Life Time (2012, Intone)
  • #9294 (Collected Works 1992-1994) (2016, Mute Records)

As Electronic Eye

  • Closed Circuit (1994, Beyond)
  • The Idea of Justice (1995, Beyond)
  • Neurometrik (2000, Alphaphone)
  • Autoshark (2006, Intone)

12-inch singles

  • "Leather Hands" (with Peter Hope)
  • "Surgeons" (with Peter Hope)
  • "Hipnotic"

Collaboration

The following is a list of groups and artists Kirk has worked with:

Pages linking in

23 Skidoo (band), 6 Underground (song), Acid Horse, All Seeing I, Atari ST, Black Box – Wax Trax! Records: The First 13 Years, Blast First, Cabaret Voltaire (band), Industrial music, Industrial Records, Josh Mancell, List of double albums, List of people from Sheffield, March 21, Ministry (band), Mute Records, Nurse with Wound list, Stephen Mallinder, Synth-pop, Warp (record label)




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