Ricciotto Canudo  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
hierarchy of the arts

Ricciotto Canudo (1879-1923) was an Italian film theoretician. In his manifesto The Birth of the Sixth Art, published as early as 1911, he argued that the cinema synthetized the spatial arts (architecture, sculpture and painting) with the temporal arts (music and dance). He later added poetry in his 1923 better-known manifesto Reflections on the Seventh Art (which went through a number of earlier drafts, all published in Italy or France). He is therefore considered - with Hugo Münsterberg - one of the first theorists of cinema. He saw cinema as "plastic art in motion".

Canudo lived primarily in France. A collection of his essays L'usine aux images appeared in Paris in 1927.

Other Writings

  • Literary journal Montjoie! in 1913
  • Manifeste de l'art cérébriste (1914) in Le Figaro
  • La ville sans chef, Paris 1910
  • Music as a religion of the future, London 1913

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