Renaissance literature  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
courtesy book, Early Modern literature

Renaissance literature is European literature, after the Dark Ages over an extended period, usually considered to be initiated by Petrarch at the beginning of the Italian Renaissance, and sometimes taken to continue to the English Renaissance and into the seventeenth century. The impact of the Renaissance varied across the continent: countries where Catholicism and emergent Protestantism were, or became, dominant experienced the Renaissance in a different manner to areas where the Orthodox Church was the dominant culture and those areas of Europe under Islamic rule.

The creation of the printing press encouraged authors to write in the local vernacular rather than in the classical languages of Greek and Latin, widening the reading audience and promoting the spread of Renaissance ideas.

Some famous authors of the literary movement of the Renaissance are Dante (writer of Divine Comedy), Erasmus (The Praise of Folly), Sir Thomas More (writer of Utopia), Boccaccio, Machiavelli, Castiglione, Montaigne, Cervantes, Rabelais, Pietro Aretino, Poggio and Shakespeare.

A brief chronology of Renaissance literature

Many historians recognize the beginning of the Renaissance Period as 6 April 1341 when Francesco Petrarch was crowned Poet Laureate. This period included revolutions in art, philosophy, and science, all which contributed to development of new forms of literature. This was a time of rebirth because many of the principles exposed during the classical time period in ancient Greece and Rome were the basis of Renaissance literature.

In the mid-fifteenth century, Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press. As a result, copies of texts were made, therefore making the literature more accessible to Europeans.

See also

Centuries in literature:

Centuries in poetry:

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Renaissance literature" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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