From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Reformation was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. Many western Christians were troubled by what they saw as false doctrines and malpractices within the Church, particularly involving the teaching and sale of indulgences. Another major contention was the tremendous corruption within the Church's hierarchy, all the way up to the Bishop of Rome (the pope), who appointed individuals to various positions within the Church (bishop, cardinal, etc.) on the basis of financial contributions.
Reformation may refer to:
- Protestant Reformation, an attempt by Martin Luther to reform the Roman Catholic Church that resulted in a schism, and grew into a wider movement.
- Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church's response to the Protestants
- English Reformation, series of events in 16th century England by which the church in England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church
- Radical Reformation, an Anabaptist movement concurrent with the Protestant Reformation
- Reformation (Indonesia), the (current) era in Indonesia following 1997 Asian financial crisis and the fall of Suharto, characterized by increased freedom and political participation
- Scottish Reformation, 1560
- Swiss Reformation, 1520s
- Reformation in Switzerland
- Reformation (law), a term commonly used in the United States for the rectification of a written contract or legal instrument
- Reformation (album), a 2006 studio album by Kiuas
- Reformation (Spandau Ballet album), a 2002 compilation album by Spandau Ballet
- The Reformation (Story of Civilization), the fourth volume of Will Durant's massive history The Story of Civilization
- "Reformation" (The Wire episode), a 2004 episode of the television series The Wire