Red and Blue Chair  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Red Blue Chair was a chair designed in 1917 by Gerrit Rietveld. It represents one of the first explorations by the De Stijl art movement in three dimensions. The original chair was not painted in the familiar De Stijl palette of primary colours, black, grey and white. However, it was later changed to resemble the paintings of Piet Mondrian when Rietveld came into contact with this artist's work in 1918. Rietveld joined the De Stijl movement in 1919. The chair currently resides in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City.

Legacy

Rietvelds Rood-blauwe stoel wordt door onder meer de kunsthistoricus Siegfried Giedion gezien als compleet nieuw. Latere kunsthistorici zijn echter van mening dat de stoel vergelijkbaar is met eerder werk van Frank Lloyd Wright, Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Piet Klaarhamer en anderen. Rietveld werd immers door J.N. Verloop, die in 1914 Robert van 't Hoff opdracht gaf een bungalow in Huis ter Heide te ontwerpen, gevraagd copieën van Wrights meubels te maken. Dit was echter nadat hij zijn Rood-blauwe stoel had ontworpen. Een andere kunsthistoricus, Frampton, vindt dat de Rietvelds vroege werk kenmerkende kruisende steunen (de zogenaamde Cartesiaanse knoop) ‘een open architectonisch effect tonen en apert vrij zijn van invloeden van Wright’.





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