Reborrowing  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Reborrowing is the process where a word travels from one language to another and then back to the originating language in a different form or with a different meaning.

This is indicated by A→B→A, where A is the originating language.

In some cases the borrowing process can be more complicated and the words might move through different languages before coming back to the originating language.

The single move from one language to the other is called "loan" (see loanword). Reborrowing is the result of more than one loan, when the final recipient language is the same as the originating one.

Examples

Old Norse: klubba English: club   Swedish: klubb Template:Smaller
French: tenez  English: tennis French: tennis Template:Smaller
French: cotte  English: riding coat French: redingote English: redingote
Greek: κίνημα  Template:Smaller French: cinéma Greek: σινεμά Template:Smaller
Dutch: bolwerk (bulwark, bastion) French: boulevard Dutch: boulevard Template:Smaller
Dutch : manneken Template:Smaller French: mannequin Dutch: mannequin Template:Smaller
Middle Dutch : snacken Template:Smaller English: to snack Dutch: snacken Template:Smaller
English: crack Template:Smaller Irish:craic Template:Smaller English: craic
English: animation Japanese: アニメ Template:Smaller English: anime Template:Smaller
Hebrew: תַּכְלִית Template:IPA (purpose) Yiddish: תכלית Template:IPA (result; purpose; serious business) Hebrew: תַּכְלֶס Template:IPA (directly, matter-of-factly, cutting the crap)
Spanish: tronada (thunderstorm) English: tornado Spanish: tornado
Chinese: 革命 Template:Smaller Japanese: Template:Lang Template:Smaller Chinese: 革命 Template:Smaller
Chinese: 共和 Template:Smaller Japanese: Template:Lang Template:Smaller Chinese: 共和 Template:Smaller
Chinese: 抹茶 Template:Smaller Japanese: Template:Lang Template:Smaller Chinese: 抹茶 Template:Smaller
Chinese: 菓子 Template:Smaller Japanese: Template:Lang Template:Smaller Chinese: 菓子 Template:Smaller

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Reborrowing" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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