From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, "spirit, soul"; and λόγος, logos, "knowledge") is an academic discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. Psychologists study such phenomena as perception, cognition, emotion, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships. Psychology also refers to the application of such knowledge to various spheres of human activity, including problems of individuals' daily lives and the treatment of mental health problems.
Psychology differs from the other social sciences (e.g., anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology) due to its focus on experimentation at the scale of the individual, as opposed to groups or institutions.
The term psychology in the modern behavorial sense was coined in the 1890s.
- History of psychology
- Psychological novel
- Abnormal psychology
- Big Five personality traits
- Psychopathy and psychopathology