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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Techno has retroactively been defined to encompass, among others, works dating back to Donna Summer and Giorgio Moroder's "I Feel Love" (1977) and the more danceable selections from Kraftwerk's repertoire between 1977 and 1983, as well as "Sharevari" (1981) by A Number Of Names and the earliest compositions by Cybotron (1981).

Juan Atkins commented in the late 1990s: "Before house music, a lot of the DJs on Chicago radio were playing a lot of Italian imports because I think the Italians were the only ones that continued with the disco sound when it all died out everywhere else."

The noted popularity of Euro disco and Italo disco music of various acts including Moroder, Alexander Robotnick, and Claudio Simonetti (referred to as progressive in Detroit) and new romantic synth pop performers such as Visage, The Human League, and Heaven 17 on the Detroit high school party scene from which techno emerged has prompted a number of commentators to try and redefine the origins of techno, by incorporating musical precursors to the Detroit sound as part of a wider historical survey of the genres development. This results in a chronologically distinct point of origination being removed. To support this view, they point to examples such as "Sharevari" (1981) by A Number of Names, danceable selections from Kraftwerk (1977–83), the earliest compositions by Cybotron (1981), Donna Summer and Giorgio Moroder's "I Feel Love" (1977), Moroder's "From Here to Eternity" (1977), and Manuel Göttsching's E2-E4 (1981). Another example is a record entitled Love in C minor, released in 1976 by Parisian Euro disco producer Jean-Marc Cerrone; cited as the first so called "conceptual disco" production and the record from which house, techno, and other EDM styles flowed. Yet another example is Yellow Magic Orchestra's work, which has also been described as "proto-techno" music.

See also

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