Privilege  

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A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise.


"Alongside the corporative limitations, another common form of obstacle to the freedom of the press in the modern age is the privilege, which consists in the exclusive and temporary right to print and sell a document ora category of printed works granted by a state authority to a printmaker,bookseller or author. It soon becomes widespread in Italy, especially in Venice where, in 1469, Johannes of Speyer obtains a privilege to practice the art of printing. Whereas in England this practice of restriction of bookproduction, established by Henry VIII, remains in force until the civil war of 1642-60, in France the privilege, which amounts to the prints revision process, is made systematic by a series of decrees, amongst which, primarily,the Code Michau (1629) and the Code de la Librairie (1723). Here, every manuscript to be printed (except single-sheets) must be presented to the chancellor." --COMPARING BOOK CENSORSHIP:AN ITALIAN AND EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE(CENTURIES XVI-XVIII) Milena Sabato, PhD Modern History University of Salento, Italy[1]

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

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