From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Post-punk was a popular musical movement beginning at the end of the 1970s, following on the heels of the initial punk rock "explosion" of the mid 1970s. For the more recent "post-punk" movement in rock music, see post-punk revival.The term "post-punk" was used at least as early as 1980. Critic Greil Marcus referred to "Britain's postpunk pop avant-garde" in a July 24, 1980 Rolling Stone article. He applied the phrase to such bands as Gang of Four, The Raincoats and Essential Logic, which he wrote were "sparked by a tension, humour, and sense of paradox plainly unique in present-day pop music.
Post-punk laid the groundwork for alternative rock by broadening the range of punk and underground music, incorporating elements of Krautrock (particularly the use of synthesizers and extensive repetition), Jamaican dub music (specifically in bass guitar), American funk, studio experimentation, and even punk's traditional polar opposite, disco, into the genre.