Mid-twentieth century baby boom  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The middle of the twentieth century was marked by significant and persistent increase in fertility rates in many countries of the world, especially in the West, resulting in the famous baby boomer generation. Although the baby-boom traditionally considered to be the post-war phenomenon starting immediately after World War II, some demographers place it earlier, at the increase of births during the war or in the late 1930s.

The boom coincided with the marriage boom, a significant increase in nuptiality. The increase in fertility was driven primarily by decrease in childlessness and increase in parity progression to a second child. In most of the Western countries progression to a third child and beyond declined which, coupled with aforementioned increase in transition to first and second child, resulted in higher homogeneity in family sizes. The baby-boom was most prominent among educated and economically active women.

The baby boom ended with the significant decline in fertility in 1960s and 1970s which was later called by demographers the baby-boost.

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