Philosophical logic
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Philosophical logic is the study of the more specifically philosophical aspects of logic. The term contrasts with philosophy of logic, metalogic, and mathematical logic; and since the development of mathematical logic in the late nineteenth century, it has come to include most of those topics traditionally treated by logic in general.Template:Citation needed It is concerned with characterizing notions like inference, rational thought, truth, and contents of thoughts, in the most fundamental ways possible, and trying to model them using techniques developed in modern formal logic and mathematical logic.
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