Philip IV of Spain  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Philip IV (Template:Lang-es, 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665) was King of Spain between 1621 and 1665, sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands, and King of Portugal (as Philip III, Template:Lang-pt) until 1640. Philip is remembered for for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez, and his rule over Spain during the challenging period of the Thirty Years War (1618-48). On the eve of his death in 1665, the Spanish empire had reached its territorial zenith spanning almost 3 billion acres, but in other respects was already in decline, a process for which Philip's inability to achieve successful domestic and military reform is felt to have contributed.

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