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“I speak, e.g., of my inkpot, and my inkpot also stands before me: I see it.” --Husserl in Logical Investigations

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
  1. (philosophy) The study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view.
  2. (philosophy) A movement based on this, originated about 1905 by Edmund Husserl.


From the Ancient Greek φαινόμενον (phainómenon, “thing appearing to view”), from the verb φαίνω (phaínō, “to show itself, to be manifest”).

+ From the Ancient Greek λόγος (lógos, “the study of, an account, speech, oration, discourse, word, ratio, calculation, reason”).

Thus, by extension "the study of what shows itself (to consciousness").

According to Heidegger's Introduction to Phenomenological Research, "the expression “phenomenology” first appears in the eighteenth century in Christian Wolff’s School, in Lambert’s Neues Organon, in connection with analogous developments popular at the time, like dianoiology and alethiology, and means a theory of illusion, a doctrine for avoiding illusion." (p.3)

Phenomenology may refer to:

See also

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