From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Francesco Petrarca (Petrarcha) (July 20, 1304 – July 19, 1374) was an Italian scholar, poet, and early Renaissance author. Petrarch is often popularly called the "father of humanism". Based on Petrarch's works, and to a lesser extent that of Dante and Boccaccio, Pietro Bembo in the 16th century created the model for modern Italian, later endorsed by the Accademia della Crusca. Petrarch is credited for perfecting the sonnet, making it one of the most popular art forms to date.