Paul van Ostaijen  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Paul van Ostaijen (22 February 1896 – 18 March 1928) was a Belgian poet and writer.

Contents

Nickname

Van Ostaijen was born in Antwerp. His nickname was Mister 1830, derived from his habit of walking along the streets of Antwerp clothed as a dandy from that year.

His poetry shows influences from Modernism, Expressionism, Dadaism and early Surrealism, but Van Ostaijen's style is very much his own.

Flamingant

Van Ostaijen was an active flamingant, a supporter of Flemish independence. Because of his involvement with Flemish activism during World War I, he had to flee to Berlin after the war. In Berlin—one of the centers of Dadaism and Expressionism—he met many other artists. He also struggled through a severe mental crisis.

Upon returning to Belgium, Van Ostaijen opened an art gallery in Brussels. He died of tuberculosis in 1928 in a sanatorium in Miavoye-Anthée, in the Wallonian Ardennes.

Van Ostaijen was the first writer to translate Franz Kafka, making him Kafka's first foreign translator, publishing in Dutch five of Kafka's short prose pieces from Betrachtung in 1925. The stories were "Zum Nachdenken für Herrenreiter", "Wunsch, Indianer zu werden", "Die Vorüberlaufenden, "Zerstreutes Hinausschauen" and "Der plötzliche Spaziergang." These translations were published in the Antwerp magazine Vlaamsche Arbeid. Maandschrift voor letteren, kunst en wetenschappen (15, 5-6 (mei-juni 1925), p. 176-178.).

Poetry

  • Music hall (1916)
  • Het sienjaal (The signal, 1918)
  • Bezette stad (Occupied city, 1921)
  • Feesten van Angst en Pijn (Feasts of Fear and Pain, written 1921, published posthumously)
  • Nagelaten gedichten (Posthumous poems, published posthumously in 1928)

From the Posthumous Poems:

Other publications

  • De trust der vaderlandsliefde (The trust of patriotism, 1925, grotesques)
  • Gebruiksaanwijzing der lyriek (Manual of lyrics, 1926, lecture)
  • Het bordeel van Ika Loch (Ika Loch's brothel, 1926, grotesques)
  • De bende van de stronk (The stump gang, 1932, grotesques)

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Paul van Ostaijen" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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