Paul Richer  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Paul Marie Louis Pierre Richer (January 17, 1849 - December 17, 1933) was a French anatomist, physiologist, sculptor and anatomical artist who was a native of Chartres. He was a professor of artistic anatomy at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, as well as a member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine (1898).

Richer was an assistant to Jean-Martin Charcot at the Salpêtrière, and from 1882 to 1896 was chief of the laboratory at the Salpêtrière Hospital. With Charcot he performed research of hysteria and epilepsy, and also performed studies of medicine and its relationship to art.

In 1903, Richer was appointed to the chair of artistic anatomy at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and in 1907-08 was president of the Société Française d'Histoire de la Médecine (French Society for the History of Medicine). His sculptures can be found in museums throughout Europe, including the Musée d'Orsay.

Published works

  • Étude descriptive de la grande attaque hystérique ou attaque hystéro-épileptique et de ses principales variétés (1879)
  • Études cliniques sur l'hystéro-épilepsie ou grande hystérie (1881)
  • Les Démoniaques dans l'art, with Jean-Martin Charcot (1887)
  • Hypnotisme, with Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1887)
  • Dictionaire encyclopédique des sciences médicales, with Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1887)
  • Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpêtrière (1888-1917)
  • Les Difformes et les malades dans l'art, with Jean-Martin Charcot (1889)
  • Anatomie artistique : description des formes extérieures du corps humain au repos et dans les principaux mouvements: avec 110 planches renfermant plus de 300 figures dessinées (1890)
  • Paralysies et contractures hystériques (1892)
  • L'Anatomie dans l'art : proportions du corps humain, canons artistiques et canons scientifiques, conférence faite à l'Association française pour l'avancement des sciences (1893)
  • Physiologie artistique de l'homme en mouvement (1895)
  • Dialogues sur l'art et la science (1897)
  • Introduction à l'étude de la figure humaine (1902)
  • Nouvelle anatomie artistique du corps humain (6 volumes, 1906-1929)
  • Nouvelle anatomie artistique. Les animaux (1910)
  • Lettre à en-tête de l"Institut de France (1925)




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Paul Richer" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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