Pastoral Concert  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Related e

Wiki Commons

Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Pastoral Concert[1] is a circa 1509 oil painting attributed to either one of the Italian Renaissance masters, Titian or Giorgione. It is located in the Musée du Louvre in Paris, France.


The painting was originally attributed to Giorgione, but modern critics assign it more likely to his pupil Titian, due to the figures' robustness which was typical of his style. It is also likely that Giorgione (whose works included elements such as music, the pastoral idleness and simultaneous representation of the visible and invisible) began the work, and then, after his death in 1510, it was finished by Titian.

The work was owned by the Gonzaga family, perhaps inherited from Isabella d'Este: it was later sold to Charles I of England and then to French banker Eberhard Jabach; he in turn sold it to Louis XIV of France in 1671.

The painting was also attributed to Palma the Elder and Sebastiano del Piombo.

In 1863, French painter Edouard Manet painted his Le déjeuner sur l'herbe after viewing the Pastoral Concert in a visit to the Louvre museum.


The painting portrays three young people on a lawn, playing, while next to them a standing woman is pouring water from a marble basin. Both the women are naked, aside from two light vests; the two men, who are talking, are dressed in contemporary costumes. In the wide background is a shepherd and, among the vegetation, a far landscape.

The subject was perhaps the allegory of poetry and music: the two women would be an imaginary apparition representing the ideal beauty, stemming from the two men's fantasy and inspiration. The woman with the glass vase would be the muse of tragic poetry, while the other one would be that of the pastoral poetry. Of the two playing men, the one with the lute would represent the exalted lyric poetry, the other being an ordinary lyricist, according to the distinction made by Aristotle in his Poetics. Another interpretation suggests that the painting is an evocation of the four elements of the natural world (water, fire, earth and air) and their harmonic relationship.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Pastoral Concert" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools