Paris Salon of 1863  

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The refusal by the Paris Salon to let the painter Édouard Manet and other painters to exhibit their work in the Salon of 1863 lead to the establishment of the Salon des Refusés, where Le déjeuner sur l'herbe (1863) by Édouard Manet was shown. This painting of a female nude with fully dressed men sparked controversy, for in 1863; nudes were acceptable in under the pretext of historical allegories, but to show them in common settings was frowned upon. The nude in Manet's painting was no nymph, or mythological being ... she was a modern Parisian woman cast into a contemporary setting with two clothed men. Many found this to be quite vulgar. Napoleon III, who had personally expressed his dislike of the painting, bought Cabanel's The Birth of Venus, illustrating the predilection of bourgeois clientele for the erotic legitimacy of l'art pompier.

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