Panic Movement  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Panic Movement (Fr:Mouvement panique) was a collective formed in Paris in 1962 by Fernando Arrabal, Alejandro Jodorowsky and Roland Topor after casual meetings at the Parisian Café de la Paix. Inspired by and named after the god Pan, and influenced by Luis Buñuel and Antonin Artaud's Theatre of Cruelty, the group concentrated on chaotic performance art and surreal imagery.

In February 1962 Arrabal, Jodorowsky and Topor settle on the word panique. In September 1962, the word panique is printed for the first time: Arrabal publishes five récits "paniques" in André Breton's periodical La Brèche.

The Panic Movement performed theatrical events designed to be shocking, as a response to surrealism becoming petite bourgeoisie and to release destructive energies in search of peace and beauty. One four-hour performance known as Sacramental Melodrama was staged in May 24 1965 at the Paris Festival of Free Expression.

Jodorowsky dissolved the Panic Movement in 1973, after the release of Arrabal's book Le panique.



The Panic Movement included Roland Topor, Alexandro Jodorowsky, Fernando Arrabal, Olivier O. Olivier, Christian Zeimert, Diego Bardon, Sam Szafran, Abel Ogier, Michel Parré, Roman Cieślewicz, Jérôme Savary, André Ruellan and Jacques Sternberg.

French profile

Panique est un mouvement (ou, comme l'affirmèrent ses fondateurs, un anti-mouvement) fondé en février 1962 par Fernando Arrabal, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Olivier O. Olivier, Jacques Sternberg et Roland Topor. Le terme panique est une référence au dieu Pan. Le groupe est dissout en 1973 par Jodorowsky, lorsqu'il découvre le livre publié par Arrabal.


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