Outline of ancient Rome  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC. In its centuries of existence, Roman civilization shifted from a monarchy to an oligarchic republic to an increasingly autocratic empire which came to dominate South-Western Europe, South-Eastern Europe/Balkans and the Mediterranean region through conquest and assimilation.

The Western Roman Empire went into decline and disappeared in the 5th century. The Eastern Roman Empire, survived this crisis and lived on for another millennium - that stage of the Empire is usually referred to as the Byzantine Empire by historians, and is considered to have succeeded Ancient Rome.

Roman civilization is often grouped into "classical antiquity" with ancient Greece, a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome contributed greatly to the development of law, war, art, literature, architecture, technology and language in the Western world, and its history continues to have a major influence on the world today.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to ancient Rome:

Contents

Essence of Ancient Rome

Main article: Ancient Rome

Geography of ancient Rome

Further information: Roman geographers

Government and politics of ancient Rome

Political institutions of Ancient Rome

Magistrates

Ordinary magistrates
Extraordinary magistrates

Roman law

Military of ancient Rome

Roman armed forces

Military history of Rome

Military conflict

General history of ancient Rome

Roman historiography

Works on Roman history

Culture of ancient Rome

Culture of ancient Rome

Social order

Religion in ancient Rome

Gods

Institutions

Roman language (Latin)

Roman economy

Scholars

Writers

Modern

Ancient Roman lists

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Outline of ancient Rome" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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