Orientalist literature  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The first French version of A Thousand and One Nights was published in 1704 by Antoine Galland. European translations followed rapidly. Authors started using the East as a way to enrich their philosophical work, and a pretext to write commentaries on the West: Montesquieu wrote the Lettres persanes, a satirical essay on the West, in 1721, and Voltaire used the Oriental appeal to write Zaïre (1732) and Candide (1759).

The publication of Bibliothèque orientale and its vulgarizations, spread the knowledge of the Orient and made possible such publications as Vathek, one of the first examples of Orientalist literature in the United Kingdom.

Chronological list of works

See also

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