Olympe de Gouges  

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Olympe de Gouges (7 May 1748 - 3 November 1793) was a French playwright and political activist whose writings on women's rights and abolitionism reached a large audience in various countries.

She began her career as a playwright in the early 1780s. As political tension rose in France, Olympe de Gouges became increasingly politically engaged. She became an outspoken advocate against the slave trade in the French colonies in 1788. At the same time, she began writing political pamphlets. Today she is perhaps best known as an early women's rights advocate who demanded that French women be given the same rights as French men. In her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen (1791), she challenged the practice of male authority and the notion of male-female inequality. She was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror (1793–1794) for attacking the regime of the Revolutionary government and for her association with the Girondists.


Plays listed

  • Le Mariage inattendu de Chérubin (The Unexpected Marriage of Cherubin) 1786
  • L’Homme généreux (The Generous Man) 1786
  • Le Philosophe corrigé ou le cocu supposé (The Corrected Philosopher or the Supposed Cuckold) 1787
  • Zamore et Mirza, ou l’heureux naufrage (Zamore and Mirza, or the Happy Shipwreck) 1784
  • Molière chez Ninon, ou le siècle des grands hommes (Molière at Ninon, or the Century of Great Men) 1788
  • Bienfaisance, ou la bonne mère (Beneficence, or the Good Mother) 1788
  • Le Marché des Noirs (The Black Market) 1790
  • Le Nouveau Tartuffe, ou l’école des jeunes gens (The New Tartuffe, or the School for the Young) 1790
  • Les Démocrates et les aristocrates (The Democrats and the Aristocrats) 1790
  • La Nécessité du divorce (The Necessity of Divorce) 1790
  • Le Couvent'’ (The Convent) 1790
  • Mirabeau aux Champs Élysées (Mirabeau at the Champs Élysées) 1791
  • L’Esclavage des Noirs, ou l’heureux naufrage (The Slavery of the Blacks, or the Happy Shipwreck) 1792
  • La France sauvée, ou le tyran détrôné (France saved, or the Dethroned Tyrant) 1792
  • L’Entrée de Dumouriez à Bruxelles (The Entrance of Dumouriez in Brussels) 1793

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Olympe de Gouges" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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