Occultism chronology  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

OCCULTISM IN THE 19TH CENTURY -- A CHRONOLOGY by Jeffery Howe

1774 Mesmer discovers "animal magnetism," or Mesmerism

1781 Fuseli, The Nightmare

1790 William Blake, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell

1795 Francisco Goya, Witches' Sabbath

1808 Goethe, Faust, part I; French translation 1827

1820 William Blake's visionary portraits for John Varley (Ghost of a Flea)

1829 Samuel Palmer paints in his Valley of Vision in Shoreham

1832 Goethe, Faust, part II finished. Goethe dies.

1835 Honoré de Balzac, Seraphita

1842 Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton , Zanoni, a Rosicrucian Tale

1848 The Fox Sisters contact spirits through rapping; Spiritism Craze begins in Hydesville, N.Y.

1850 Allan Kardec (pseudonym for Hyppolyte Leon Denizard Rivail) commences career as Medium in Paris;

1855-1857 Victor Hugo creates spiritist drawings, conducts seances

1858 Victorien Sardou publishes automatic drawings of scenes on Jupiter (Mozart's house) in La Revue Spirite

1860 Eliphas Levi (pseudonym for A.L. Constant), History of Magic

1861 Allan Kardec, The Book on Mediums William H. Mumler publishes first spirit photographs (in Boston)

1862 Eliphas Levi, Fables et Symboles et leur explication

1874 William Crookes, Research in the Phenomena of Spiritualism

1875 Theosophical Society founded by H.P. Blavatsky & Col. Olcott in New York

1877 H.P. Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled

1882 Society for Psychical Research founded in London

1884 Peladan, Le Vice suprème French branch of Theosophical Society founded; again in 1887 as Societe d'Isis

1885 Carl du Prel, Philosophy of Mysticism

1886 Stanislaus de Guaita, Au Seuil du Mystere J.J. Tissot attends seances by William Eglinton to contact the late Mrs. Newton

1888 H.P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine W.B. Yeats joins the theosophists S. de Guaita founds Kabbalistic Order of Rose+Croix in Paris Papus (pseudonym for Gerard Encausse) founds journal L'Initiation (Paris) Papus, Traite elementaire des sciences occultes

1889 Edouard Schure, The Great Initiates P. Gauguin, Self-Portrait with Halo and Snake

1890 W.B. Yeats joins the Order of the Golden Dawn James Frazer, The Golden Bough Sar Josephin Peladan founds the Order ot the Catholic Rose+Croix, of the Temple and of the Grail (schism with Guaita) Paul Serusier, Portrait of Paul Ranson in Nabi Costume

1891 J.-K. Huysmans, La Bas (Down There)

1892 War of the Roses; occult battles in Paris involving Jules Bois, S. de Guaita, J. Peladan, Abbe Boullan Sar J. Peladan establishes Salons de la Rose+Croix in Paris; these continue until 1897

1890s Colonel de Rochas experiments with hypnotic regression to past lives

1895 August Strindberg, "Introduction a une chimie unitaire," Mercure de France; alchemical experiments; see his Inferno

1897 Bram Stoker, Dracula S. de Guaita, La Clef de la Magie Noir

1900 Fernand Khnopff erects an altar to Hypnos (date approximate)

1901 Annie Besant & C.W. Leadbeater, Thought Forms

1902 C.W. Leadbeater, Man Visible and Invisible

1908 Piet Mondrian joins the Theosophical Society in Amsterdam (Wassily Kandinsky also a Theosophist)



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