From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1941 - Holocaust: SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the arrest and deportation to concentration camps of all homosexuals in Germany, with the exception of certain top Nazi officials.
- 1943 - Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies were to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps." (see Porajmos)
- 1607 - Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (d. 1701)
- 1741 - Johann Kaspar Lavater, German philosopher (d. 1801)
- 1887 - Marianne Moore, American poet (d. 1972)
- 1887 - Georgia O'Keeffe, American painter (d. 1986)
- 1905 - Sidney Peterson, United States author, artist, and noted avant-garde filmmaker. (d. 2000)
- 1930 - J. G. Ballard, British author (d. 2009)
- 1932 - George Cockcroft, pseudonym for Luke Rhinehart, author of The Dice Man.
- 1932 - Jens Jørgen Thorsen, Danish artist and film director (Quiet Days in Clichy) (d. 2000)
- 1967 - François Ozon, French film director
- 1630 - Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1571)
- 1916 - Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel laureate (b. 1846)
- 1917 - Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (b. 1858)
- 1971 - Edie Sedgwick, American actress and model (b. 1943)
- 1976 - Jean Gabin, French actor (b. 1904)
- 1985 - Méret Oppenheim, German-born Swiss, surrealist artist (Le Déjeuner en fourrure) (b. 1913)
- 2002 - Myra Hindley, English murderer (b. 1942)
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