Night and Fog (1955 film)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Night and Fog (French: Nuit et brouillard) is a 1955 32-minute documentary film about the Holocaust. The film contrasts the tranquility of the desolate post-Holocaust concentration camp at Auschwitz with the horrific events that occurred there during World War II, and muses on the diffusion of guilt. The film is in color and black and white, and was directed by Alain Resnais.

The film takes its title from the German Nacht und Nebel (Night and Fog) political prisoners during World War II. It deals only briefly with the prisoners' conditions, focusing primarily on questions of hate and human responsibility. The film shows disturbing film footage of prisoners and victims from the camp.

The title Nuit et Brouillard (from the German Nacht und Nebel) was used as Jean Cayrol, an escapee of Mauthausen had published his memoirs in Poèmes de la nuit et brouillard (1946)

The film is non-fictional; however, there is much dispute over whether it is a documentary due to the emotive elements of the narration. The film is formed of a combination of black-and-white still images from Nazi archives, black-and-white film footage of the Allies' "clear-up" operation, and colour footage recorded at Auschwitz in 1955.


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