Nicholas Ray  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Nicholas Ray (born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle) (August 7, 1911June 16, 1979) was an American film director.

Influence

In the decades after his professional peak, Ray continues to influence directors to this day:

  • Jean-Luc Godard was a huge admirer of Ray and famously said that "The cinema is Nicholas Ray."
  • Martin Scorsese is a fan of Ray's, particularly Johnny Guitar (1954), Rebel Without a Cause (1955) and Bigger Than Life (1956). He used clips from two of them in his documentary "A Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies."
  • Director Curtis Hanson is featured on a documentary for the DVD release of In A Lonely Place, giving his analysis on the film. The film was one of many influences on his direction of L.A. Confidential (1997).
  • François Truffaut has written essays about Ray (who is featured prominently in his book "The Films in My Life"). He asserts that They Live by Night (1949) is Ray's best movie, but gives special attention to his films Bigger Than Life (1956) and Johnny Guitar (1954).
  • Wim Wenders is another European admirer of Ray's, and has paid homage to Ray in many movies. He even gave Ray a cameo in his film The American Friend.
  • While teaching at New York University, Ray taught and befriended cult director Jim Jarmusch, who became his assistant. In turn, Jarmusch says that he looked to Ray for script advice, and still misses him to this day.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Nicholas Ray" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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