From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Created by Pathé Frères of France in 1908, this form of film was a staple of the typical North American, British, and Commonwealth countries (especially Canada, Australia and New Zealand), and throughout European cinema programming schedule from the silent era until the 1960s when television news broadcasting completely supplanted its role.
In some countries, newsreels generally used music as a background for usually silent on-site film footage. In some countries, the narrator used humorous remarks for light-hearted or non-tragic stories.
An example of a newsreel story is in the film Citizen Kane (which was prepared by RKO's actual newsreel staff), which includes a fictional newsreel that summarizes the life of the title character, Charles Foster Kane.
- List of newsreels by country
- The March of Time newsreel series produced by Time-Life from 1935 to 1951
- Universal Newsreel newsreel series produced by Universal Studios from 1929 to 1967
- Hearst Metrotone News newsreel series produced by Hearst Corporation from 1914 to 1967 (distributed by Fox Film Corporation 1929-1934 and by MGM 1934-1967)
- Fox Movietone News produced by Fox 1928 to 1963
- Paramount News newsreel series produced by Paramount Pictures from 1927 to 1957
- Pathé News newsreel series produced by Pathé Film from 1910 to 1956 (distributed by RKO Radio Pictures 1931-1947 and by Warner Brothers 1947-1956)