New American Cinema
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
New American Cinema is the name given to the practices of a group of experimental filmmakers in the United States. Its motto is revealed in the first manifesto of the New American Cinema Group on September 30, 1962: "We don't want rosy films - we want them the color of blood".
"The very concept of “New American Cinema” can be confusing" says Antonio Weinrichter in the introduction to the 2004 Gijon film festival , "What is referred to as New American Cinema coincides with the New European Waves in time (the 60s), but it also indicates the initial point of would later be called Underground Cinema. New American Cinema or New Hollywood, was also that of the “Golden Age”, from 1967 to 1976, the era in which the gates of the studios opened to let barbarians in, thus favouring a whole generational and aesthetical revolution. Nevertheless, this was a Cinema produced within the industry: the equivalent of New European Cinema would perhaps be the Independent Cinema, but this movement surfaced later, during the first half of the 80s. On the other hand, the influence and the importance of American experimental and documentary cinema also suggest the integration of these two “genres”, which are essentially outside of the industry, within it."
- The Film-Makers' Cooperative
- Avant-garde film in the United States
- The New American Cinema and Structural-Materialism
- Structural film