Negroes Fighting in a Tunnel at Night
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Negroes Fighting in a Tunnel at Night (1882, original French title: Combat de nègres dans un tunnel) is an all-black painting by poet Paul Bilhaud. It introduced the monochrome painting to modern art.
Combat de nègres dans un tunnel was appropriated in 1887 by the French humorist Alphonse Allais as Combat de nègres dans une cave pendant la nuit and published in Album primo-avrilesque (April fool-ish Album), a portfolio of monochrome pictures of various colors, with uniformly ornamental frames, each bearing a comical title.