Nation of Islam  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Nation of Islam (NOI) is a religious and social/political organization founded in Detroit, Michigan by Wallace Fard Muhammad in July 1930 with the self-proclaimed goal of resurrecting the Spiritual, mental, social, economic condition of the black men and women of America. NOI also promotes the belief that God will bring about a universal government of peace.

In 1977, Louis Farrakhan rejected Warith Deen Mohammed's leadership and re-established the Nation of Islam on the original model. He took over the Nation of Islam's headquarters temple, Mosque Maryam (Mosque #2) in Chicago, Illinois. Since 2010, under Farrakhan, members have been strongly encouraged to study Dianetics, and the Nation claims it has trained 1,055 auditors.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Nation of Islam" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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