Mystic Order of the Rose + Cross
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
In June 1890, Péladan left the Martinist Order and created the quasi-Catholic Mystic Order of the Rose + Cross. Péladan was the leader of the new order, and he took the titles of "Imperator" and "Super Magician".
The Mystic Order of the Rose + Cross inspired Péladan to organize an outlet for his beliefs concerning the role of spirituality and idealism in art. As an art critic, Péladan had been vocal in critiquing the dominant trends in French art, which included officially sanctioned styles promoted by the academy, and the Impressionists. This resulted in a series of six exhibits of Symbolist artists and associated French avant-garde painters, writers, and musicians, as the Salon de la Rose + Croix. The Salon was enormously popular with the press and public, but failed to succeed in revolutionizing French art, as Péladan had hoped.