Monument to the March Dead  

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Monument to the March Dead (Template:Lang-de) is an expressionist monument in the Weimar Central Cemetery in Weimar, Germany that memorializes workers killed in the 1920 Kapp Putsch. A 1920 design produced by Walter Gropius, in collaboration with Fred Forbát, was selected from those submitted in a competition organized by the Union Cartel and Städtisches Museum Weimar.

The structure was built between 1920 and 1922. An unveiling ceremony for the memorial was held on May 1, 1922.

Objecting to it politically and as an example of what it characterized as degenerate art, the Nazis destroyed the monument in February 1936.

The structure was reconstructed in 1946.

Architecture

The form of the monument alludes to a thunderbolt. The structure is constructed of concrete.

Reception

Theo van Doesburg, leader of the De Stijl movement, criticized Gropius' expressionist design, decrying it as "the result of a cheap literary idea."




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Monument to the March Dead" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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