From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Money is any good or tokens that functions as a medium of exchange that is socially and legally accepted in payment for goods and services and in settlement of debts.
Money also serves as a standard of value for measuring the relative worth of different goods and services and as a store of value. Some authors explicitly require money to be a standard of deferred payment. Money is central to the study of economics and forms its most cogent link to finance. Money is not the same as real value; the latter being the basic element in economics and not money. In common usage, money refers more specifically to currency. The efficiency gains through the use of money are thought to encourage trade and the division of labour, in turn increasing productivity and wealth.