From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1851 - Abolition of slavery in Colombia, South America.
- 1871 - French Government troops invade the Paris Commune and engage its residents in street fighting. By the close of "Bloody Week" some 20,000 communards have been killed and 38,000 arrested.
- 1894 - 22-year-old French Anarchist Emile Henry is executed by guillotine.
- 1924 - students Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a "thrill killing."
- 1936 - Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon became one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
- 1951 - opening of the 9th Street Art Exhibition by the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
- 1956 - Bikini Atoll is nearly obliterated by the first airborne explosion of an atomic bomb.
- 1979 - White Night riots in San Francisco following the light sentence of Dan White for the assassination Harvey Milk.
- 1471 – Albrecht Dürer, German painter (d. 1528)
- 1527 – Philip II of Spain (d. 1598)
- 1688 – Alexander Pope, English poet (d. 1744)
- 1844 – Henri Rousseau, French painter (d. 1910)
- 1904 – Fats Waller, American singer, pianist, and composer (d. 1943)
- 1925 – Franklin Kameny, activist for sexual freedom (d. 2011)
- 1948 – Leo Sayer, English singer-songwriter and musician
- 1960 – John O'Brien, American author of Leaving Las Vegas (d. 1994)
- 1954 – Marc Ribot, American singer, musician, and composer (Bar Kokhba Sextet)
- 1957 – Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress
- 1959 – Nick Cassavetes, American actor and director
- 2000 - Barbara Cartland, English author of women's fiction
- 2002 - Niki de Saint Phalle, French artist