Maxime Du Camp
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Du Camp was the son of a successful surgeon. After finishing college, he indulged in his strong desire for travel, thanks to his father's assets. Du Camp travelled in Europe and the East between 1844 and 1845, and again between 1849 and 1851 in company of Gustave Flaubert. After his return, Du Camp wrote about his traveling experiences.
In 1851 Du Camp was a founder of the Revue de Paris (suppressed in 1858), and a frequent contributor to the Revue des deux mondes. In 1853 he became an officer of the Legion of Honour. Serving as a volunteer with Garibaldi in 1860, Du Camp recounted his experiences in Expédition des deux Siciles (1861). In 1870 he was nominated for the senate, but his election was frustrated by the downfall of the Empire. He was elected a member of the French Academy in 1880, mainly, it is said, on account of his history of the Commune, published under the title of Les Convulsions de Paris (1878-1880).
- Chants modernes (1855)
- Convictions (1858)
Numerous works on travel: Souvenirs et paysages d'orient (1848)
- Egypte, Nubie, Palestine, Syrie (1852)
Works of art criticism:
- Les Salons de 1857, 1859, 1861
- L'Homme au bracelet d'or (1862)
- Une histoire d'amour (1889)
- Théophile Gautier (1890)
Du Camp authored a valuable book on the daily life of Paris, Paris, ses organes, ses fonctions, sa vie dans la seconde moitié du XIX siècle (1869-1875). He published several works on social questions, one of which, the Auteurs de mon temps, was to be kept sealed in the Bibliothèque Nationale until 1910. His Souvenirs littéraires (2 vols., 188 21883) contain much information about contemporary writers, especially Gustave Flaubert, of whom Du Camp was an early and intimate friend.
Du Camp was an early amateur photographers whose travel books were among the first to be illustrated with photographs.