From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Matthew Pilkington (1701-1774) was the author of a standard text on painters, what would become known as Pilkington's Dictionary.
Pilkinton was born in 1701 at Ballyboy, King's County, Ireland, wrote poetry, studied to be a minister at Trinity College, Dublin, married Laetitia, moved to London, and became associated with Jonathan Swift and Henry Walpole. The fractious relations with Mrs. Pilkington were published. He took an interest in historical painting and published a collection of biographies as The Gentleman's and Connoisseur's Dictionary of Painters.
His work was widely published through many editions, being renamed A Dictionary of Painters in the 1805 and 1810 versions of Henry Fuseli, before becoming commonly known in the nineteenth century as Pilkington's Dictionary.