Marvels Of Ancient Rome
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Marvels Of Ancient Rome (1955) is a book by Margaret R. Scherer.
- Outstanding among the painters of the more imaginary landscapes with ruins were Giovanni Paolo Pannini of Piacenza 'Plates 19-20, 115, 195) and Hubert Robert of Paris (Plates 21-22). Pannini, who may have studied with the stage designer Ferdinando Galli Bibiena in Piacenza, came to Rome about 1717 and was later invited to teach perspective in the French Academy there. His work combined a formal antiquarian approach with the theatrical magnificence so characteristic of baroque art. Hubert (known also in France as Robert of the Ruins) came to Rome in 1754 and studied at the French Academy, where he was strongly influenced by Pannini. To the accuracy of detail and strong classical feeling absorbed from his teacher he added something of the atmospheric quality of Claude Lorrain's work, a characteristic French delicacy and lightness, and an interest in the contrast of ancient ruins with contemporary life that prefigured the dawn of romanticism. In the work of both men actual monuments were usually accurately drawn but regrouped and interspersed with fanciful or composite structures, not with the intent to deceive, but for the satisfaction of romantic taste or the artist's fancy. The combination of Italian landscape and ruins with scenes from everyday life was still more noticeable in the paintings of Joseph Vernet, whose genre pictures were popular souvenirs for the wealthy traveller. 
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