From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Lucian Michael Freud, OM, CH (8 December 1922 – 20 July 2011) was a British painter. Known chiefly for his thickly impasted portrait and figure paintings, he was widely considered the pre-eminent British artist of his time. His works are noted for their psychological penetration, and for their often discomfiting examination of the relationship between artist and model.
Freud was born in Berlin, Germany, son of Jewish parents Ernst Ludwig Freud, an architect, and Lucie née Brasch. He was the grandson of Sigmund Freud. Freud and his family moved to the UK in 1933 due to the rise of Nazism, gaining British citizenship in 1939.